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Research Ethics
A Source Guide to Conducting Research with Indigenous Peoples

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Research Ethics:
A Source Guide to Conducting Research with Indigenous Peoples

A great deal of literature and guidelines have emerged regarding appropriate methods and practices for conducting research with Indigenous Peoples. This page intends to keep abreast of these publications and statements. While this list is organized regionally, all sources have contributions to the overall discussion

If you are aware of sources not listed here, or find broken links, please contact the webmaster.

World/General
United States
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
Pacific Islands

World/General:

“WIPO and Indigenous Peoples”
World Intellectual Property Organization, Leaflet No. 12,
http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/GuideIPleaflet12en.pdf

“Indigenous Research Protection Act”
Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism (IPCB).
http://www.ipcb.org/publications/policy/files/irpa.html

“Indigenous peoples & Participatory Health Research”
World Health Organization
http://www.who.int/ethics/indigenous_peoples/en/index1.html

The Mataatua Declaration on Cultural & Intellectual Property Rights of Indigenous Peoples
UN Commission on Human Rights, Working Group on Indigenous Populations
http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/IKS/mataatua.html

"Mapping Communities: Ethics, Values, Practice"
Jefferson Fox, Krisnawati Suryanata, and Peter Hershock (eds.); East-West Center 2005 (book/pdf)
http://www.eastwestcenter.org/publications/mapping-communities-ethics-values-practice

"Guidelines for Considering Traditional Knowledges in Climate Change Initiatives"
Climate and Traditional Knowledges Workgroup
https://climatetkw.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/tks_guidelines_v1.docx


United States:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Research Involving Human Subjects
http://grants2.nih.gov/grants/policy/hs/
This site provides, in one place, HHS and NIH requirements and resources for the extramural community involved in human subjects research in their roles as: Applicants/Grantees, Offerors/Contractors, Peer Reviewers, Institutional Officials

National Congress of American Indians: Policy Research Center
http://www.ncai.org/policy-research-center/initiatives/research-regulation
This is an extensive source with many, many links and documents, including model Tribal Research Codes, IRBs, and much, much more.

American Indian Law Center, Inc. Model Tribal Research Code, Third Edition, Albuquerque, 1999.
https://ccph.memberclicks.net/assets/Documents/CBPRCurriculum/AppendixF/mdl-code.pdf

National Endowment for the Humanities,
“Code of Ethics for Projects Related to Native Americans”
https://www.neh.gov/grants/manage/code-ethics-related-native-americans

“Protocols for Native American Archival Materials”
First Archivist Circle, 2007
http://www2.nau.edu/libnap-p/protocols.html

“Tribal models for controlling research”
Good overview by James D. Nason
http://www.tribalcollegejournal.org/archives/16104
(Requires a subscription)

“Suggested Guidelines for Institutions with Scholars Who Conduct Research on American Indians”
Devon A. Mihesuah, American Indian Culture and Research Journal 17:3 (1993)
http://indigenousgeography.net/Ethics/Mihesuah1993.pdf

“Building Partnerships with Native Americans in Climate-Related Research and Outreach”
Diane Austin, Sherri Gerlak, and Carolyn Smith -- CLIMAS Report SeriesCL2-00
Institute for the Study of Planet, The University of Arizona
http://www.climas.arizona.edu/sites/default/files/pdfcl2-00.pdf

“Protocol for Research, Publications and Recordings”
Hopi Cultural Preservation Office
http://www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/tk/en/databases/creative_heritage/docs/hopi_tribe_research.pdf


Canada:

"Toolbox of research principles in an aboriginal context"
First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Health and Social Services Commission
This extensive resource comes in three parts:
Existing Protocols and Initiatives
Issues of research ethics - Articles and Contributions
Existing Initiatives / Videos

“Research Involving Aboriginal Peoples”
Section 6 of “Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans”
Tri-Council Policy Statement
Government of Canada
http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/eng/archives/tcps-eptc/section6-chapitre6/

"TCPS 2 - Chapter 9 Research Involving the First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples of Canada"
Government of Canada - Panel on Research Ethics
http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/eng/policy-politique/initiatives/tcps2-eptc2/chapter9-chapitre9/

“Ethics Guidelines for Ph.D. Program In Indigenous Studies”
Trent University
https://www.trentu.ca/indigenousstudiesphd/ethicsguidelines.php

"Protocols & principles for conducting research in a Nuu-Chah-Nulth Context"
Nuu - chah - nulth Tribal Council Research Ethics Committee, August 2008
http://www.cahr.uvic.ca/nearbc/documents/2009/NTC-Protocols-and-Principles.pdf

“Principles & Guidelines for the Protection of the Heritage of Indigenous People”
UN Human Rights Council
http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/IKS/protect.html

“CIHR Guidelines for Health Research Involving Aboriginal Peoples – Draft”
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/29134.html

“Ethical Principles for the Conduct of Research with Yukon First Nations”
Yukon Research Centre, Yukon College, 2013
http://www.yukoncollege.yk.ca/downloads/YRC_FN_Initiatives_no_photos_inside_final_print.pdf

“Ethical Principles for the Conduct of Research in the North”
Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies, 2003
http://acuns.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/EthicsEnglishmarch2003.pdf

“Sacred Ways of Life” Traditional Knowledge Toolkit
First Nations Centre, National Aboriginal Health Organization
http://www.naho.ca/documents/fnc/english/2005_traditional_knowledge_toolkit.pdf

“Kwayask Itôtamowin: Indigenous Research Ethics”
Indigenous Peoples Health Research Centre (IPHRC)
http://iphrc.ca/pub/documents/IPHRC_ACADRE_Ethics_Report_final.pdf

“Ethical Guidelines for Aboriginal Research”
CIHR sponsored conference at Six Nations, 2005
http://www.mcmaster.ca/ors/ethics/info_links.htm
(Look under “First Nations and Indigenous Research Ethics Protocols”)

"Ethics in First Nations Research"
Assembly of First Nations Environmental Stewardship Unit, March 2009
http://www.afn.ca/uploads/files/rp-research_ethics_final.pdf

Research Principles and Protocols
Mi’kmaw Ethics Watch, Unama’ki College of Cape Breton University
http://textlab.io/doc/6327088/research-principles-and-protocols--mi%E2%80%99kmaw-ethics-watch--...

Ethics Tool Kit: Information to share from the First Nations Centre of the National Aboriginal Health Organization (FNC@NAHO)
http://www.naho.ca/documents/fnc/english/FNC_EthicsToolkit.pdf

"Negotiating Research Relationships with Inuit Communities"
Scot Nickels, Jamal Shirley, and Gita Laidler (eds). Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and Nunavut Research Institute: Ottawa and Iqaluit. 2006
http://www.nri.nu.ca/sites/default/files/public/files/06-068%20ITK%20NRR%20booklet.pdf


Australia:

“Ethical research”
The Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)
http://aiatsis.gov.au/research/ethical-research
[This is an extremely good source, very detailed with a number of documents on different topics]

“Protocols for Consultation and Negotiation with Aboriginal People”
Queensland Government, 1998
https://www.datsip.qld.gov.au/resources/datsima/people-communities/protocols-aboriginal/aboriginal-protocols-for-consultation.pdf

"Communicating with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Audiences"
Australian Government: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
http://www.dpmc.gov.au/resource-centre/indigenous-affairs/communicating-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-audiences

"Conducting research with Indigenous people and communities"
Dr Judy Putt, Written for the Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse
http://www.indigenousjustice.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/mp/files/publications/files/brief015.pdf

"Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies 2012"
Australia National University
https://services.anu.edu.au/files/guidance/GERAIS.pdf

"Ethical practice in research involving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities"
Australian Government, Department of Education and Training
https://iher.education.gov.au/135-ethical-practice-research-involving-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities

"Ethical research in indigenous contexts nd the practical Implementation of it"
2015 Masters Thesis, Graeme Gower, Edith Cowan University
http://ro.ecu.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2595&context=theses

"Undertaking projects and research in Central Australia"
Central Land Council, 2005
http://www.nintione.com.au/resource/DKCRC-Report-8-CLC-Protocols.pdf?bcsi_scan_2687365ababd2c82=0&bcsi_scan_filename=DKCRC-Report-8-CLC-Protocols.pdf

"Aboriginal Knowledge and Intellectual Property Protocol: Community Guide"
Desert Knowledge Cooperative Research Centre
https://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/282850/DKCRC-Aboriginal-Knowledge-and-IP-Protocol-Community-Guide.pdf

"Values and Ethics - Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Research"
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines-publications/e52


New Zealand:

"Te Ara Tika—Guidelines for Māori research ethics: A framework for researchers and ethics committee members"
http://www.hrc.govt.nz/sites/default/files/Te%20Ara%20Tika%20Guidelines%20for%20Maori%20Research%20Ethics.pdf
?bcsi_scan_2687365ababd2c82=0&bcsi_scan_filename=
Te%20Ara%20Tika%20Guidelines%20for%20Maori%20Research%20Ethics.pdf

"Research Ethics" (Kaupapa Maori Research)
http://www.katoa.net.nz/kaupapa-maori/kaupapa-maori-research-ethics

"Māori Research Ethics: An overview"
https://neac.health.govt.nz/publications-and-resources/neac-publications/m%C4%81ori-research-ethics-overview

"A Research Ethic for Studying Māori and Iwi Provider Success"
Ministry of Social Development/Te Manatu Whakahiato Ora
https://www.msd.govt.nz/about-msd-and-our-work/publications-resources/journals-and-magazines/social-policy-journal/spj23/23-a-research-ethic-for-studying-mori-and-iwi-provider-success-p141-153.html

"Ethics of Researching with Whānau Collectives"
Vivienne Kennedy and Fiona Cram
http://www.anzea.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/ethics_of_research_with_whanau_collectives-kennedy_cram_mai.pdf


Pacific Islands:

"A Handbook for USP Researchers"
University of the South Pacific
https://research.usp.ac.fj/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/human_ethics_handbook.pdf

"The ethics of knowledge production – Pacific challenges"
Rosemary Du Plessis and Peggy Fairbairn-Dunlop; UNESCO
http://www.ipp.aut.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/169774/ISSJ.pdf

"Pacific Research Protocols"
University of Otago
http://www.otago.ac.nz/research/otago085503.pdf

“Pasifika Education Research Guidelines”
New Zealand Ministry of Education
https://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/publications/pasifika/5915

© 2010 Indigenous Geography